All About Flooring


Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface. Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering.

  • Materials almost always classified as floor covering include carpet, area rugs, and resilient flooring such as linoleum or vinyl flooring.
  • Materials commonly called flooring include wood flooring, ceramic tile, stone, terrazzo, and various seamless chemical floor coatings.
  • The floor under the flooring is called the sub-floor. This provides the support for the flooring. Special purpose sub-floors like floating floors, raised floors or sprung floors may be laid upon another underlying sub-floor which provides the structural strength.
Selection of Flooring Material

The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as

  • Initial Cost
  • Appearance
  • Cleanliness
  • Durability
  • Damp Resistance
  • Sound Insulation
  • Thermal Insulation
  • Fire Resistance
  • Smoothness
  • Hardness
  • Maintenance
Types of flooring

These are just few types of flooring that are hit on the market today.

  • Resilient flooring
  • Carpet & Rugs
  • Ceramic tiles
  • Seamless chemical flooring
  • Marble flooring
  • Brick flooring
  • Glass flooring
  • Stone flooring
  • Rubber flooring
The most common types of flooring used in India

Mosaic Flooring


Stone Flooring


Marble Flooring


Tile Flooring


Cement & Concrete Flooring


There is also one more type of flooring; not the most common, but still famous.

Soft Coverings
  • Carpet is a floor covering woven or felted from natural or man-made fiber.
  • Fitted carpet is attached to the floor structure, extends wall-to-wall, and cannot be moved from place to place.
  • Rugs are smaller than the room in which they are located and are generally placed over the wood flooring.
  • They may be attached to the flooring below by adhesive or other methods.