A simple understanding first:

Floor covering is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floor structure to provide a walking surface.—Flooring is the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering.

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  • Materials almost always classified as floor covering include carpet, area rugs, and resilient flooring such as linoleum or vinyl flooring.
  • Materials commonly called flooring include wood flooring, ceramic tile, stone, terrazzo, and various seamless chemical floor coatings.
  • The floor under the flooring is called the sub-floor. This provides the support for the flooring. Special purpose sub-floors like floating floors, raised floors or sprung floors may be laid upon another underlying sub-floor which provides the structural strength.


Selection of Flooring Material

The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as

  • Initial Cost
  • Appearance
  • Cleanliness
  • Durability
  • Damp Resistance
  • Sound Insulation
  • Thermal Insulation
  • Fire Resistance
  • Smoothness
  • Hardness
  • Maintenance


Types of flooring
These are just few types of flooring that are hit on the market today.

  1. Resilient flooring
  2. Wood flooring
  3. Carpet & Rugs
  4. Ceramic tiles
  5. Seamless chemical flooring
  6. Marble flooring
  7. Brick flooring
  8. Glass flooring
  9. Stone flooring
  10. Rubber flooring

 The most common types of flooring used in India

Mosaic Flooring

Mosaic floor

Stone Flooring


Marble Flooring


Tile Flooring


Cement & Concrete Flooring



There’s also one more type of flooring; Not the most common, but still famous.

Soft Coverings

  1. Carpet is a floor covering woven or felted from natural or man- made fiber.
  2. Fitted carpet is attached to the floor structure, extends wall-to- wall, and cannot be moved from place to place.
  3. Rugs are smaller than the room in which they are located and are generally placed over the wood flooring.
  4. They may be attached to the flooring below by adhesive or other methods.